Currently, hydropower, thermal power, nuclear power, and new energy power are proven power generation technologies. Hydropower is popular worldwide with its unique advantages.
Hydropower generation principles
"Hydropower generation technology is to convert the potential energy in river or lake water when flowing from a high point to a low point into kinetic energy of turbine, and then drive the generator the generate power by the help of the turbine as a motive power.
Characteristics of hydropower generation
At present, hydropower is the renewable and clean energy with the widest application and the most mature technology in human society, featuring:
（1）Time-honored and well-proven technology
The world's first hydropower plant was built in Britain in 1878. At present, about 150 countries in the world have developed and utilized hydropower. In 2016, the installed capacity of hydropower in the world reached about 1246GW.
Lawpita hydropower plant, one of the earliest hydropower plant built in Myanmar, was organized and promoted by Wu Jueyin, the Minister of the Industry and Handcraft Ministry in 1952. Up to now, Lawpita HPP has been operated safely for more than 50 years, bringing immeasurable benefits to Myanmar.
（2）Clean without pollution
Since the power is generated through the energy carrying by water, no fossil resources such as coals, oil and natural gas will be consumed, and thus no waste gas, waste slag or waste water will be produced.
Water, a recyclable and renewable resource, flows from high mountains to plain and finally feeds into the sea. Water turns into vapor in the sun and finally falls onto the land in the form of rain and snow. Such circle never ends.
（4）Remarkable comprehensive benefits
The natural distribution of water resources cannot satisfy the water demands of humans in modern society. Under this circumstance, it is essential in modern civilization to build dams and reservoirs to retain water and adjust water resources. Large HPPs, except for power generation through the energy of water released from reservoirs, are also beneficial to flood control, irrigation, water supply (including mitigation of saltwater intrusion), navigation and tourism.